Java Program to perform bubble sort on string

April 11, 2022, Learn eTutorial

Here we are explaining how to write a java program to perform bubble sort on a string. Bubble sort is also used to sort integer arrays, we have a program to perform bubble sort on numbers in our Java program collection, you may check that also.

Here first we declare a string array to hold the strings. Then by using a nested for loop compare the strings with the adjacent strings. Swap the strings if they are not in sorted order.

For a better understanding of the program, we recommend you to learn the basic topics of Java programming listed below

What is bubble sort?

A bubble sort algorithm will sort the elements of an array. In bubble sort, the first element will be compared with the rest of the elements, and swapping occurs when a smaller element is obtained. So,

  • After 1st iteration of the for loop, 1st sorted element ie., the Largest element of the array will be placed at the last index
  • In the 2nd iteration, the comparison starts from the 1st element to the 2nd last position of the array. Loop will avoid the last index because it contains the sorted element. Thus the 2nd largest element will be placed in the 2nd last position of the array.
  • This process continues on each iteration of for loop and we will get the fully sorted array after the final iteration.
 Java - Perform bubble sort on string

How to compare strings in java?

We can compare the strings using CompareTo() method.

  1. The CompareTo() function returns zero if both strings are equal.
  2. The function returns a negative value if the first string is less than the second string.
  3. The function returns a positive value if the first string is greater than the second one.

How to implement the java program to perform bubble sort on a string?

First, we have to declare the class BubbleSort.Then open the main function.Declare string array s_arr[],and assign some values.Declare a temporary string variable tmp.By using nested for loop check the adjacent strings using the method compareTo(). If the function returns a negative value then swap the elements. Then display the sorted array.


STEP 1: Declare the class BubbleSort with a public modifier.

STEP 2: Open the main() to start the program, Java program execution starts with the main()

STEP 3: Declare a string array s_arr[] with strings, integer variables i,j.

STEP 4: Declare a temporary variable tmp.

STEP 5: By using a nested for loop with the condition i < size of array and j < size of array - i -1 ( resizing the boundary or the last position till comparison should be done, after placement of each sorted element ) do step 6

STEP 6: Check if s_arr[j+1].compareTo(s_arr[j]) > 0 , means smaller string in highest index , then swap the elements as follows

  1. tmp=s_arr[j]
  2. s_arr[j]=s_arr[j+1]
  3. s_arr[j+1]=tmp

STEP 7: Display the sorted string array s_arr.


Java Source Code

                                          public class BubbleSort {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int i,j;
        String s_arr[] = {
        String tmp;
        System.out.println("Sorted Strings:");
        for ( i = 0 ; i < s_arr.length ; i++) {
            for ( j = 0 ; j < s_arr.length-i-1 ; j++) {

                if (s_arr[j+1].compareTo(s_arr[j]) > 0) {
                    tmp = s_arr[j];
                    s_arr[j] = s_arr[j+1];
                    s_arr[j+1] = tmp;


Sorted Strings: