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Python __import__()

The built-in function __import__() is called by the import statement. Import statement is the most common way of invoking the import machinery. It is a rarely used method and it helps to import modules in runtime also.

__import__(name, globals=None, locals=None, fromlist=(), level=0) #where name indicates the name of the import module

__import__() Parameters:

Takes five parameters. This function can change the semantics of the import statement as the statement calls this function.

Parameter Description Required / Optional
name the name of the module you want to import Required
globals and locals Determines how to interpret the name in a package context. Default is none. Optional
fromlist objects or submodules that should be imported by name Optional
level specifies whether to use absolute or relative imports. Default is 0 Optional

__import__() Return Value

In the case of import a module by name, we can use importlib.import_module(). If the named module cannot be found, will arise a ModuleNotFoundError. 

Input Return Value
 If parameters import object

Examples of __import__() method in Python

Example 1: How __import()__ works in python?

maths = __import__('math', globals(), locals(), [], 0)



Example 2:working of __import()__ in python

rand = __import__('random')