Python Program to check if a date is valid or not

In this simple python program, we have to check whether the date is valid in python. It's a beginner level python program.

To understand this example, you should have knowledge of the following Python programming topics:

How to check date is valid in python?

In this beginner python program, we need to check if a given date is valid or invalid. To check a date valid is to check the days and months are correct or not.

To check for the month validation, check the month is in between the number 1 and 12. if it is greater than 12 or less than 1, the date is not valid.

To check the day is valid or not by taking some conditions

  • if the month is 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, or 12 then the maximum value for the day is 31; else it is invalid.
  • If the month is 4, 6, 9, or 11 then the day's max value is 30. if the day is more than 30 the date is invalid.
  • Finally, to confirm the days of February we check the year is a leap year or not by using a mod operator with the year. If the remainder after the mod operation with 4 is equal to zero, and year mod 100 is not equal to zero [please refer to leap year python program for more details], it's a leap year, then maximum days will be 29 else will be 28. If the entered date is not validating the leap year, print the date is not valid.

To apply this logic in the python programming language, we are using a split date function to split the months, day, and year separately, and then we convert them into an integer using int() data type. Now, we use an if condition and elif condition  in python to check all the conditions we discussed above to check the date is valid or not.

ALGORITHM

STEP 1: Accept the date from the user using the input method into a date using the date in python methods.

STEP 2: Split the date using the separator ' / ' into dd, mm, and yy.

STEP 3: Assign the values of dd, mm, and yy into the respective variable using int() data type in python language.

STEP 4: Using an if condition we check the month is 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, or 12, and if so then assign the max value for the day as 31.

STEP 5: Using an elif we check the month is 4, 6, 9, or 11, then assign the max value to 30.

STEP 6: Using an if condition check for the year is a leap year or not by taking the mod as yy % 4 == 0 and yy % 100 != 0 or yy % 400 == 0. then it's a leap year so assign the max as 29.

STEP 7: Using an else, it's not a leap year so max is 28.

STEP 8: Check the month validation by using if condition that check month is less than 1 or greater than 12 then print the date is invalid.

STEP 9: Using elif check the day is less than 1 or greater than our max value the print the date is not valid using python language basics.

STEP 10: Use the else statement in python language to print the entered date is valid.

Python Source Code

                                          date=input("Enter the date: ")

dd,mm,yy=date.split('/')     # splitting the date to day month and year

dd=int(dd)

mm=int(mm)

yy=int(yy)

if(mm==1 or mm==3 or mm==5 or mm==7 or mm==8 or mm==10 or mm==12):   

    max=31

elif(mm==4 or mm==6 or mm==9 or mm==11):    # checking for the day is valid or not,  finding max value

    max=30

elif(yy % 4 == 0 and yy % 100 != 0 or yy % 400 == 0):   # leap year check

    max=29
else:

    max=28

if(mm < 1 or mm > 12):

    print("Date is invalid.")

elif(dd < 1 or dd > max):

    print("Date is invalid.")

else:

   print("Date you entered is valid")
                                      

OUTPUT

Enter the date : 5/7/2016

Date you entered is valid