R Program to add a new column in a given data frame

April 10, 2022, Learn eTutorial
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How to add a new column in a given data frame

Here we are explaining how to write an R program to add a new column in a given data frame. Here we are using a built-in function data.frame() for this. A data frame is used for storing data tables which has a list of vectors with equal length. The data frames are created by function data.frame(), which has tightly coupled collections of variables. The syntax of this function is,

``````

data.frame(…, row.names = NULL, check.rows = FALSE,check.names = TRUE, fix.empty.names = TRUE,stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors())
```
```

Where dots(...) indicates the arguments are of either the form value or tag = value and row. name is a NULL or a single integer or character string.

How to add a new column in a given data frame in the R program

Below are the steps used in the R program to add a new column in a given data frame. In this R program, we directly give the data frame to a built-in function. Here we are using variables E, N, S, A, Q for holding different types of vectors. Call the function data.frame() for creating dataframe. Finally, add a new column to a given data frame by calling like E\$country

ALGORITHM

STEP 1: Assign variables E,N,S,A,Q with vector values

STEP 2: First print original vector values

STEP 3: Add a new column in a given data frame as E\$country

STEP 4: Print the final data frame

R Source Code

```                                          ```E = data.frame(
N = c('Jhon', 'Hialy', 'Albert', 'James', 'Delma'),
S = c(10, 9.5, 12.2, 11, 8),
A = c(2, 1, 2, 4, 1),
Q = c('yes', 'no', 'yes', 'no', 'no')
)
print("Original dataframe:")
print(E)
print("New data frame after adding the 'country' column:")
E\$country = c("USA","INDIA","USA","INDIA","USA")
print(E)```
```

OUTPUT

```[1] "Original dataframe:"
name    score attempts qualify
1  Jhon       10        2     yes
2  Hialy      9.5       1     no
3  Albert     12.2      2     yes
4  James      11        4     no
5  Delma      8         1     no

[1] "New data frame after adding the 'country' column:"
name    score attempts qualify country
1  Jhon       10        2     yes    USA
2  Hialy      9.5       1     no     INDIA
3  Albert     12.2      2     yes    USA
4  James      11        4     no     INDIA
5  Delma      8         1     no     USA
```

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