Here we are explaining how to write an R program to access the second-highest value in a given vector. For that first, we will sort the vector in ascending order and we can pick the 2nd highest value that will be at the 2nd last position of the sorted vector.

Here we are using a built-in function `sort()`

for this finding. The `sort()`

function helps to sort a vector by its values. Sorting can be possible in both ascending and descending order. By default, it sorts in ascending order, for making sorting in descending order we need to set **decreasing=TRUE. **The syntax of** **sorting is like

`sort(x, decreasing, na.last) #Where x is a vector`

Here **x** is the vector to be sorted, **decreasing **is the** **Boolean value to sort in descending order, and **na.last **is the Boolean value to put NA at the end.

In R programming we can sort a vector partially as follows,

`sort(x, partial=m) #Where x is a vector,partial a vector of indices`

which means arranging the vector **x** such that it's first **m** position contains the **m** smallest elements but not necessarily in ascending order and the position **m** will have the corresponding sorted element of the vector **x**.

So we will use partial sorting to find the second highest value with `partial=`

**length-1** of vector **x** in `sort()`

function.

Below are the steps used in the R program to get the 2nd last value in a given vector. In this R program, we directly give the values to built-in functions. For that first, we find the length of the vector into variable** len **and the vector value is assigned into the variable** vect_values**. Finally, call the sort function as `sort(vect_values, partial = len-1)`

** **for finding the second largest element and print **[len-1] th** element of the sorted vector.

**STEP 1**: Assign variable** vect_values **with vector values

**STEP 2**: First `print`

original vector values

**STEP 3**: assign the length of the vector to **len** by using length function as **length(vect_values)**

**STEP 4**: Call the function sort as `sort(vect_values, partial = len-1)`

**STEP 5**: print the `[len-1]`

th element of the `sort()`

function

` ````
vect_values = c(20, 32, 30, 10, 40, 25, 30, 27)
print("Original Vectors:")
print(vect_values)
print("Find second highest value in a given vector:")
len = length(vect_values)
print(sort(vect_values, partial = len-1)[len-1])
```

[1] "Original Vectors:" [1] 20, 32, 30, 10, 40, 25, 30, 27 [1] "Find second highest value in a given vector:" [1] 32