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Best programming languages to learn in 2021

Programming starts a long time ago to control machines. When humans invent machines it was like a body without a brain and programming is the process of giving a dead machine life. We can consider programming as the brain of a machine, which controls the machine.

Programming Languages

Programming starts with machine language. which is a binary format that includes only ‘0’s and ‘1’s. Now itself most of the machines can read-only binary language and we have to convert the high languages to binary using the compiler and assembler.

When time flies, the need for more complex machines and more complex programming emerges, and then the high-level programming languages come in to picture. The high-level programming language will be

  1. Independent of the platform
  2. Close to human language
  3. Easy to understand
  4. Needs a compiler
  5. Machine independent

What are the types of programming languages?

When the high-level programming language comes into the scene, there come many methods on how the programming is done. We can divide the programming languages into five types.

History Programming Languages
  1. Procedural oriented language: It has a well-defined structure and procedure to write a program. Example: C, FORTRAN, Pascal, etc.
  2. Functional oriented language: In functional oriented language, more importance is for functions and the expression and declaration for example lambda calculus is the foundation of functional oriented language.
  3. Object-oriented language: Object-oriented language is based on objects and class. Every function is written in a class, which can be called repeatedly by its object name. It gives the features like class, inheritance, encapsulation, etc. example: Java, C++, Python, etc.
  4. Scripting language: It is mainly used in web applications, games, and multimedia. It uses the interpreter instead of the compiler, doing the conversion in runtime.
  5. Logic Programming language: it is the latest language, which includes AI. 

Which language is good to study in 2021?

Now you know the programming languages, and will be in a dilemma that which programming language to study?

We here describe the best and popular programming languages and describe why they attained that position and how much difficult to study that which the job opportunity.

1. Python

We prefer python is coming up strong in modern programming because of the wide range of applicability and close to the human language. Python is a scripting language and it is used in 2D and 3D animation software like blender, web applications, creating games, popular websites like Quora, Pinterest, Instagram, etc.
Difficulty in learning : 2 out of 5
Job opportunity         : 4 out of 5
 

Python Programming Language

Pros:

  1. Commonly used
  2. Easy to learn
  3. Simple
  4. Readable to all
  5. Wide applicability
  6. Open-source
  7. Easy integration
  8. Easy to develop

2 . JAVA

Java is a very popular language, which works in object-oriented concepts. Java is simple and powerful that makes it one of the best language for gaining a good role as a programmer. Java is highly stable and has many library functions.

Java is used in various enterprise-level software and as a base of android development. Java will give you many opportunities and will help to climb the ladder to reach high in programming.

Difficulty to learn : 3.5 out of 5
Job opportunity   : 4 out of 5
 

Java Programming Languages

Pros:

  1. A lot of open-source libraries
  2. Object-oriented concept
  3. Automatic memory allocation
  4. Has stack allocation
  5. Support multithreading
  6. Highly secure
  7. Wide range of applicability

3. JavaScript (JS)

Javascript is a front-end programming language, which is used in web applications and websites. Almost all startups and web development companies use JS for interactive design and functionalities. Node JS is a widely used JS environment in many companies and startups. With thorough knowledge of JS, it will be easy to build a good Career.

JS is also used for server-side scripting to fetch the pages when the user requests.

Difficulty in Learning : 4 out of 5
Job Opportunity         : 5 out of 5

Javascript

Pros :

  1. JS is very fast and it doesn’t need a compiler.
  2. Versatile
  3. Provide rich looks to web applications
  4. Can integrate with any other language
  5. Simple implementation

C / C++

C is one of the most primitive and widely used procedure-oriented programming languages. With a thorough base in C, we can learn any language easily. Most of the programming languages are derived or have a resemblance with C/C++. Pointer concept in c makes it unique and highly usable till in 2021. Most of the file systems and operating systems use the C/C++ language.

Difficulty in Learn : 3 out of 5
Job opportunity    : 2.5 out of 5 

C Programming Languages

Pros :

  1. Lots of compilers to work in C
  2. Faster execution 
  3. Basis of all programming language
  4. High portability
  5. Easy debugging
  6. Rich library functions
  7. Easy to understand

5. R Language

R is widely used by statisticians and data mining peoples, because of the point that R language is graphics supported. R language is used in data analysis and machine learning. R language is a future programming language, which has a lot of scopes and very little competition. R language has many libraries, which help to make strong algorithms.

Difficulty in learning  : 3.5 out of 5
Job opportunity         : 4 out of 5[It is a future language and its scope is growing every day]
 

R Programming Languages

Pros :

  1. Run-on any Operating system
  2. Open-source language
  3. Extensible language
  4. Has powerful framework

6. Swift Language

Swift is a programming language, which is used by IOS (apple). Swift is backed by IOS and it gives you a lot of opportunities and freelance offers to develop the IOS applications. It is an upcoming language and it is very strong. IOS has a lot of market share, which gives many job offers. R language is easy to learn and master.

Difficulty in Learning  : 3 out of 5
Job opportunity           : 4 out of 5

Swift

Pros :

  1. Backed by apple
  2. Easy to add a feature
  3. Highly readable
  4. Very fast
  5. No memory leaks

7.  PHP

PHP is a simple programming language used by website programming. It is used to connect the website frontend and backend. PHP is simple and easy to learn which makes it widely accepted. PHP is free and open-source, which is used by many companies and startups, which make many job offers.

Difficulty in learning : 2 out of 5
Job opportunity        : 4 out of 5

PHP Programming Languages

Other languages in the queue are GO, HTMLC#FlutterScalaRuby, etc

Conclusion

We describe the languages which are good for getting a job offer and easy to learn and make a good living. As we know, that technology is growing so fast. You have to decide which area is your interest, select a language in that area, and master it before making a profile.

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