# R Program to create a blank or empty matrix

Here we are explaining how to write an R program to create a blank or empty matrix. For a better understanding of this R program example, we always recommend you to learn the basic topics of R programming listed below:

## How to create a blank matrix

Here we are explaining how to write an R program to create a blank matrix. Here we are using a built-in function matrix() for this conversion. This method helps to creates a matrix from the given set of values. The syntax of this function is,

``````matrix(data = NA, nrow = 1, ncol = 1, byrow = FALSE,dimnames = NULL)
```
```

NA: An optional data vector.

nrow: The desired number of rows.

ncol: The desired number of columns.

byrow: If FALSE (the default) the matrix is filled by columns, otherwise filled by rows.

dimnames: NULL or a list of length 2 giving the row and column names respectively.

## How to create a blank matrix in the R Program

Below are the steps used in the R program to create a blank matrix. In this R program, we directly give the values to built-in functions. And print the function result. Here we used variables Matx for assigning matrix.

## ALGORITHM

STEP 1: Assign variable Matx with matrix values

STEP 2: Create a matrix of 6 rows with 5 columns

STEP 3: Create by calling like  matrix(, nrow = 6, ncol = 5)

STEP 4: print the result matrix

## R Source Code

```                                          ```Matx=matrix(, nrow = 6, ncol = 5)
print("Empty matrix of 6 rows and 5 columns:")
print(Matx)```
```

## OUTPUT

```[1] "Empty matrix of 6 rows and 5 columns:"
[,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5]
[1,]   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA
[2,]   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA
[3,]   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA
[4,]   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA
[5,]   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA
[6,]   NA   NA   NA   NA   NA```
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