In this tutorial you will acquaint with a basic programming language called C. This tutorial covers the facts, the reason behind the name C, the key features of C, and applications in which the C language is utilized.
C is a programming language invented by Dennis Ritchie, a famous and talented programmer from AT & T Bell Laboratories of the USA in 1972. It is recognized as the first standard multipurpose programming language which is so fast, compact and versatile that even today more than 90% of the Operating Systems in the market are written in C.
Though the invention of programming languages started in the 1960s, operating systems were still written in rigorous assembly languages. These languages were not user-friendly; very hard to understand or debug which made scientists feel the need for a user-friendly language that can control the program execution from the basic level. With an aim to build a UNIX Operating System using such a high-level language, C was developed. Later it was found to be useful and compatible with writing almost every program and consequently, it gained popularity among programmers around the world.
You may wonder why it is not named as 'A' or 'B' instead of 'C'. Actually, the secret lies in the story of the evolution of programming languages. In an attempt to develop a multipurpose programming language firstly ALGOL 60 was developed by scientists. Later Ken Thompson invented typeless languages 'BPCL' and 'B' to serve the purpose in AT & T Bell Laboratories but finally failed to meet the desired standards. The tradition of nomenclature was followed by Dennis Ritchie and thus he named its successor as 'C'.
In the 1970s programmers outside the Bell Laboratories began to define syntax and dialects of their own making the coding process pretty much confusing. At last, programmers decided to come under a common and standard set of codes and that led to the formation of the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) standard. This standardization process happened in 1989 and the basic codes for C became universal for the first time.
C programming is called Middle-level programming since it is close to both machines and humans. Moreover, the C language is the universal language hence it can be used in a wide variety of applications.
Some of them are listed below.